Valve, owner of online PC gaming platform Steam, and 5 other publishers have actually been fined an overall of EUR7.8 m (₤ 6.9 m) for limiting cross-border sales of PC video games.
So-called geo-blocking means video games are locked, so that a less expensive licence planned for less rich European countries can not be utilized in other places.
That stopped players “looking around” for the best deals, stated EU Competitors Commissioner Margrethe Vestager.
Valve said that it planned to appeal.
The other publishers fined were:
All 5 co-operated with the commission, so had their initial fines reduced. But the commission said Valve did not co-operate, and it was fined more than EUR1.6 m (₤ 1.4 m) with no decrease.
Valve rejected this, informing CNBC that it has “co-operated totally, offering all requested evidence and info to the commission”.
It included that it disagreed with the findings and planned to appeal.
Companies are not supposed to split up the single European market. However some members of the European Economic Location (EEA) have lower incomes than others, meaning that video games are typically priced more cheaply for those countries.
Valve makes games such as the Half-Life franchise, but likewise owns Steam, among the world’s largest online PC gaming platforms, providing an approximated 44,000 games for sale.
Purchasers can purchase games directly from Steam, but the company likewise provides game publishers “activation keys” for its game downloads that can be bought on other websites.
These activation secrets, which publishers consented to region-block with Valve, were at the core of the investigation.
The publishers were discovered to have geo-blocked around 100 PC games from a range of categories including sports, simulation and action.
According to the EU, Valve agreed bilateral deals with all the named publishers to provide Steam secrets that prevented activation of certain video games outside the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Ms Vestager stated: “Today’s sanctions against the geo-blocking practices of Valve and five PC computer game publishers work as a reminder that under EU competition laws, companies are forbidden from contractually limiting cross-border sales.
” Such practices deny European customers of the advantages of the EU digital single market, and of the chance to shop around for the most ideal deal in the EU.”
On the other hand, the 5 publishers formed handle each other limiting cross-border sales of games, the EU discovered.