Donald Trump’s impeachment trial will end at 4pm on Wednesday after a dramatic day Friday in which Republicans triumphed by voting 51 to 49 against calling witnesses – but then agreed to delay a final vote until after the president’s State of the Union address.
The Senate voted to reject a Democratic call to hear from witnesses at President Trump‘s impeachment trial – a critical procedural win for the president and the first formal vote signaling his likely acquittal.
Two Republicans, Mitt Romney and Susan Collins, crossed the aisle to join Democrats in their push for witnesses – but it was not enough to prevail.
‘The motion is not agreed to,’ announced Supreme Court Justice John Roberts, who is presiding over the trial.
With the votes in, Republicans and Democrats both appeared able to see which way the trial was ultimately going – and for the first time began kicking around a proposal that would get to a final outcome – after President Trump is set to deliver his State of the Union address.
He headed to Mar-a-Lago just before the final vote, meaning he was on Air Force One as the Senate rejected calling any witnesses, who could have included John Bolton, his former National Security Advisor.
Bolton delivered a new bombshell an hour before the Senate opened the trial session, with another leak of his forthcoming book revealing that he will say that Trump ordered him to set up a call between Rudy Giuliani and Volodymr Zelensky, the Ukrainian president, two months before the ‘perfect’ call at the center of impeachment.
The nays have it: John Roberts reads the final vote count – 51 to 49 – which doomed the Democrats’ attempts to call witnesses
It’s official: How the Senate’s TV footage showed the moment that the Democrats lost
Victory: Majority leader Mitch McConnell’s face tells the story as he leaves the Senate chamber to meet with the Republican caucus after the 51-49 votes
Face of defeat: Chuck Schumer, the Democratic minority leader, speaks after the defeat to call the vote a ‘perfidy’
Florida bound: Donald Trump boarded Air Force One for a weekend trip to Mar-a-Lago after he blasted impeachment as the ‘most unfair Witch Hunt in the history of the U.S.’
The proposal to push off a final vote until Wednesday – and – will ‘glide us into a conclusion,’ Sen. Mike Braun of Indiana told reporters in the Capitol.
Senators agreed to a resolution Friday night allowing for senators to make speeches on Tuesday and for opposing lawyers to make their final arguments in the impeachment trial Monday. It sets up the final vote on the impeachment articles Wednesday.
Democrats also got the opportunity to offer four amendments, which put Republicans on record as voting down specific witnesses they wanted to call to testify in the impeachment trial.
They put senators on record voting on subpoenas for Bolton and White House acting chief of staff Mick Mulvaney, as well as other White House officials, budget documents, and Pentagon documents.
Schumer offered a straight-up amendment just to subpoena Bolton, and another that set up the terms for his potential testimony. It would be a one-day deposition and one day of live testimony within five days adoption – an effort to counter Trump lawyer claims that it could drag on the trial for weeks.
The first amendment failed on a party-line 53-47 vote. However Schumer’s amendment to subpoena Bolton – a critical figure in revelations of the last week – was defeated on the same 51-49 vote against witnesses generally.
Still another amendment would require the chief justice to rule on motions to subpoena witnesses and documents. When Schumer made a ‘parliamentary inquiry,’ Roberts told him it would be ‘inappropriate’ for him, as an unelected official from another branch, to decide the outcome.
The Senate was set to come back into session at 11 am on Monday – which would require a quick turnaround for three senators eager to campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination in Iowa.
White House director of legislative affairs Eric Ueland told reporters the president was ‘gratified’ the Senate had agreed on a schedule ‘for his acquittal.’
The schedule senators agreed to means Trump would still be technically under an impeachment cloud when he delivers his prime-time speech.
The Democratic defeat came even as new revelations emerged Friday morning from a manuscript by Bolton, who claims President Trump told him to contact the president of Ukraine as part of a push to get investigations of the Bidens.
‘Americans will know that this trial was not a real trial,’ said Sen. Charles Schumer immediately after the vote, calling it a tragedy on a very large scale.
Schumer called it a ‘perfidy, a grand tragedy, one of the worst tragedies that the Senate has ever overcome. America will remember this day, unfortunately, where the Senate did not live up to its responsibilities … and went along with a sham trial.’
Utah Republican Mitt Romney and Maine Republican Susan Collins each voted ‘aye’ and voted for witnesses. Both had indicated they wanted to hear from Bolton.
Two other key Republicans, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, opted to oppose calling witnesses – which Trump’s lawyers could lead to weeks of additional time, with uncertain consequences.
Trump was en route to his Mar-a-Lago property in West Palm Beach, Florida, when the vote came down.
Bitter blow: Hakeem Jeffries, one of the House impeachment managers, walks out of the Senate chamber
Walk tall: John Thune, the Democratic majority whip tastes victory after winning the vote
Does anyone doubt who won? Mitch McConnell and his chief of staff Sharon Soderstrom go to meet Republicans
Victory is mine: Mitch McConnell and his chief of staff Sharon Soderstrom head for a caucus meeting after the vote
STILL FRIENDS: Mitt Romney (l) voted for witnesses. Lamar Alexander (r) voted against them, while issuing a statement saying the case had been proven
Loss: Kamala Harris, the California Democrat and failed 2020 candidate, left the Senate chamber after the vote looking angry
Losing side: Ohio Democrat Sherrod Brown leaves after his party failed to get witnesses
Mixed blessing: Democrat Amy Klobuchar will get to go to Iowa this weekend but without witnesses at the trial to return to
Earlier he tweeted: ‘The Radical Left, Do Nothing Democrats keep chanting “fairness”, when they put on the most unfair Witch Hunt in the history of the U.S. Congress. They had 17 Witnesses, we were allowed ZERO, and no lawyers. They didn’t do their job, had no case. The Dems are scamming America!’
With the vote behind them, senators had yet to find a way forward – including not only establishing a procedure for deliberations or further speeches – but to whether they could go home for a few days or get on the campaing trail.
Key political moments including the Iowa Caucuses and the president’s hope for a triumphal State of the Union are at stake. There was discussion among senators about a deal to bring closure to impeachment, after demonstrations that there are not sufficient votes to convict the president on two charges brought by the House.
But untangling the procedural knot will take some combination of compromise and time.
The key Senate vote occurred after senators debate for hours about whether to call witnesses, regurgitating familiar arguments about the president’s conduct and the nature of the House impeachment inquiry that preceded the trial.
‘We Democrats are united in saying we do not want this rushed through. Every senator has an obligation, as well as a right, to let the people of their states and the American people know why they’re voting on this resolution on witnesses and documents and on whether the president should be convicted,’ Schumer said before the final vote.
Schumer called a New York Times report with new revelations from John Bolton a ‘thunderbolt.’
‘That is devastating,’ he said. ‘A month after Biden announced, they’re already, according to Bolton, is president Trump seeking to get Ukraine to release bad information through Mr. Guliani’ about Biden, Schumer told reporters.
John Bolton’s book manuscript contains yet another revelation about the Ukraine affair that emerged just minutes before the Senate was to start debating whether to call impeachment witnesses – including Bolton himself.
This time, the new information puts Bolton in the thick of President Donald Trump‘s push for Ukraine to investigate the Bidens.
The bombshell dropped right before the Senate entered a new phase in Trump’s impeachment trial with a debate over calling witnesses. Democratic Sen. Charles Schumer warned Republicans would ‘rue the day’ they failed to call witnesses, and impeachment manager Adam Schiff warned: ‘The facts will come out. In all of their horror, they will come out.’
His impeachment lawyers have spent a week arguing the president did nothing wrong and nothing impeachable. According to the new information, reported in the New York Times, Trump told Bolton in early May of last year to help his campaign to pressure Ukraine to investigate the Bidens.
The drama came as Republican Sen. Lisa Murkowski of Alaska said she is a ‘no’ on calling witnesses, hours after Sen. Lamar Alexander of Tennessee said he would vote against calling them.
Democrats want to call former National Security Adviser John Bolton
That left just two Republicans saying they would vote for witnesses – Utah Sen. Mitt Romney and Maine Sen. Susan Collins.
Bolton, who has written a book that the White House National Security Council has told him not to publish for classification reasons, describes an Oval Office meeting where Trump gave the instruction. Also present was White House counsel Pat Cipollone – who has been leading Trump’s defense.
Also there was Trump lawyer Rudy Giuliani and acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney, Bolton writes. Mulvaney is the other senior figure Democrats have been demanding be called as a witness – after he was implicated in emails as potentially having knowledge of holding up military aide for investigations, which Mulvaney denies.
Democratic impeachment managers have relentlessly played a public statement Mulvaney made to White House reporters, when he acknowledged a quid pro quo and said it happens ‘all the time’ in foreign policy, only to walk back the statement.
According to the Times story on the manuscript, which Bolton has submitted to the National Security Counsel for classification review, Trump told Bolton to talk to the then-new Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky to get him to meet with the president’s personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani.
Giuliani has been zealously heading a months-long investigation to dig up information on former Vice President Joe Biden and his son Hunter in Ukraine. Bolton says he never made the call Trump was seeking.
President Trump issued an immediate denial.
‘I never instructed John Bolton to set up a meeting for Rudy Giuliani, one of the greatest corruption fighters in America and by far the greatest mayor in the history of N.Y.C., to meet with President Zelensky. That meeting never happened,’ he said.
Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine, walks past the Senate chamber prior to the start of the impeachment trial of President Donald Trump at the U.S. Capitol Friday Jan 31, 2020, in Washington
Giuliani told the Times Bolton was making up ‘some’ of the information, and stopped short of an outright denial while labeling him a ‘scumbag.’
‘I think he’s making some of it up. He’s sure making up — I wouldn’t call it making it up, but he’s acting like a real scumbag by never telling me that he objected once, and then saying I was a time bomb, or a firecracker or something,’ he said.
‘Let’s put John Bolton under oath. Let’s find out who’s telling the Truth,’ said House manager Rep. Adam Schiff in floor debate on witnesses Friday.
Trump made the request for an investigation into the Bidens in an infamous July 25 call that the president calls ‘perfect.’
Giuliani is quoted int he initial Times story calling the account ‘categorically untrue,’ and he and Mulvaney and weren’t around for Ukraine meetings.
Former White House Chief of Staff Gen. John Kelly, who served with Bolton, said at a speech in Florida this week that he believes Bolton.
The latest bombshell comes after a surprise statement by Sen. Lamar Alexander stating that he would vote against calling witnesses, in part because the case was already proven.
Murkowski issued a statement against witnesses citing the impeachment ‘partisan.’ She put it out minutes after the repot on Bolton’s account that Trump directed him to push Ukraine on investigations.
‘The House chose to send articles of impeachment that are rushed and flawed. I carefully considered the need for additional witnesses and documents, to cure the shortcomings of its process, but ultimately decided that I will vote against considering motions to subpoena,’ Murkowski she said.
‘Given the partisan nature of this impeachment from the very beginning and throughout, I have come to the conclusion that there will be no fair trial in the Senate. I don’t believe the continuation of this process will change anything. It is sad for me to admit that, as an institution, the Congress has failed.’
Mikulski is close to Collins as part of a small group of Senate GOP centrists. With her and Alexander voting no, Collins – who is up for reelection in a purple state – is voting for witnesses.
The spotlight was back on Bolton after late-night disclosures about which senators might cross party lines on allowing witnesses. Democrats appeared short of assembling a majority to call Bolton an others to testify about what they know. Democrats have spent days saying the trial would be a sham and a cover-up without witnesses.
Bolton writes that Trump told him to contact Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to get him to meet with Giuliani
Giuliani has traveled to Ukraine in search of information about the Bidens
Former National security adviser John Bolton leaves his home in Bethesda, Md. Tuesday, Jan. 28, 2020
Bolton says White House counsel Pat Cipollone, who has been overseeing his impeachment defense, was present during the Oval Office meeting with Trump and Bolton
‘I think he’s making some of it up. He’s sure making up — I wouldn’t call it making it up, but he’s acting like a real scumbag by never telling me that he objected once, and then saying I was a time bomb, or a firecracker or something,’ said Giuliani
Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., talks to reporters as he walks past the Senate chamber prior to the start of the impeachment trial of President Donald Trump at the U.S. Capitol Friday Jan 31, 2020. He is voting against calling witnesses
Who votes how will be the biggest drama in the final vote as Trump is certain to be acquitted in the Republican-controlled chamber.
And that decision is on track to happen late Friday after Republican Senator Lamar Alexander announced Thursday evening he would vote against calling additional witnesses, which likely doomed Democrats’ efforts to call former National Security Adviser John Bolton to testify.
Even without the votes for witnesses, the senators were tasked with reaching some kind of a procedural agreement to move forward – possibly by sending lawmakers home for a few days.
Schumer said Friday afternoon there was no agreement. The process fight has high stakes: the Iowa caucuses are Monday, with three presidential candidates girding to get on the campaign trail. Sens. Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders have big events scheduled in eastern Iowa Saturday, and Sen. Amy Klobuchar is climbing in the Iowa polls.
Trump is set to deliver his State of The Union speech Tuesday at prime time. He would be keen to declare himself acquitted, and Democrats would prefer to deny him the opportunity.
Schiff addressed the new Bolton revelations as he delivered a warning to senators poised to vote against witnesses.
‘The witnesses the president is concealing will tell their stories,’ he said. ‘And we will be asked why we didn’t want to consider that information when we had the chance.’
‘The facts will come out. In all of their horror, the facts will come out,’ he said. ‘Witnesses will tell their stories in books and in the media.’