Coronavirus: Intensive care and other crucial terms explained

Antibodies test A medical test that can reveal if an individual has had the coronavirus and now has some resistance. The test detects antibodies in the blood, which are produced by the body to eliminate off the illness.

Asymptomatic Somebody who has an illness however does not have any of the signs it triggers. Some research studies recommend some individuals with coronavirus carry the illness however do not show the common signs, such as a relentless cough or heat.

Containment phase The very first part of the UK’s method to handle the coronavirus, which involved attempting to determine infected individuals early and trace anybody who had actually been in close contact with them.

Coronavirus Among a group of infections that can cause serious or mild illness in human beings and animals. The coronavirus currently sweeping the world causes the disease


. The cold and influenza (influenza) are other types of coronaviruses.

Covid-19 The disease caused by the coronavirus initially identified in Wuhan, China, in late 2019. It mostly affects the lungs.

Delay stage The 2nd part of the UK’s strategy to deal with the coronavirus, in which measures such as social distancing are utilized to postpone its spread.

Fixed charge notification A great designed to deal with an offence on the spot, instead of in court. These are often for driving offences, now likewise cover anti-social behaviour and breaches of the coronavirus lockdown.

Flatten the curve

Health professionals utilize a line on a chart to show varieties of new coronavirus cases. If a great deal of people get the virus in a short time period, the line may rise greatly and look a bit like a mountain. Nevertheless, taking measures to decrease infections can spread cases out over a longer period and means the “curve” is flatter. This makes it easier for health systems to cope.

Flu Short for influenza, an infection that consistently triggers disease in people and animals, in seasonal upsurges.

Furlough Supports firms struck by coronavirus by temporarily helping pay the incomes of some staff. It permits workers to stay on the payroll, despite the fact that they aren’t working.

Herd immunity How the spread of a disease slows after an adequately big percentage of a population has actually been exposed to it.

Immune A person whose body can hold up against or ward off an illness is stated to be unsusceptible to it. When an individual has actually recovered from the illness triggered by the coronavirus, Covid-19, for example, it is believed they can not capture it once again for a specific amount of time.

Incubation duration The time period in between catching an illness and starting to show symptoms.

Extensive care Health center wards which deal with clients who are extremely ill. They are run by specially-trained healthcare personnel and contain professional devices.


Constraints on movement or every day life, where public buildings are closed and individuals informed to remain at home. Lockdowns have actually been imposed in several nations as part of drastic efforts to control the spread of the coronavirus.

Mitigation stage The 3rd part of the UK’s technique to deal with the coronavirus, which will include efforts to decrease the impact of a high variety of cases on civil services. This might indicate the NHS halting all non-critical care and police reacting to significant crimes and emergency situations just.

NHS 111 The NHS’s 24-hour phone and online service, which uses medical guidance to anyone who requires it. Individuals in England and Wales are encouraged to sound the service if they are worried about their symptoms. In Scotland, they should inspect NHS inform, then sound their GP in workplace hours or 111 out of hours. In Northern Ireland, they ought to call their GP.

Outbreak Several cases of an illness occurring rapidly, in a cluster or different areas.


An epidemic of serious disease spreading quickly in lots of countries simultaneously.

Phase 2 This is when the UK will begin to raise a few of its lockdown rules while still attempting to minimize the spread of coronavirus.

PPE PPE, or personal protective devices, is clothes and kit such as masks, aprons, gloves and goggles utilized by medical staff, care employees and others to safeguard themselves versus infection from coronavirus patients and other individuals who might be bring the disease.

Quarantine The isolation of people exposed to an infectious disease to avoid its spread.

R0 R0, pronounced “R-naught”, is the average number of individuals who will catch the disease from a single infected individual. If the R0 of coronavirus in a specific population is 2, then typically each case will produce 2 more new cases. The value therefore gives an indicator of just how much the infection could spread.

Recession This takes place when there is a considerable drop in income, jobs and sales in a nation for 2 successive three-month periods.

Sars Severe acute breathing syndrome, a kind of coronavirus that emerged in Asia in 2003.


Remaining within and avoiding all contact with other people, with the goal of preventing the spread of a disease.

Social distancing

Avoiding other people, with the goal of slowing down transmission of an illness. The government encourages not seeing pals or loved ones aside from those you deal with, working from house where possible and preventing public transportation.

State of emergency Steps taken by a federal government to restrict life while it deals with a crisis. This can involve closing schools and workplaces, limiting the movement of people and even deploying the armed forces to support the routine emergency services.

Statutory instrument These can be utilized by government ministers to implement new laws or guidelines, or change existing laws. They are a simpler alternative to passing a full Act of Parliament.

Symptoms Any indication of disease, set off by the body’s immune system as it attempts to fight off the infection. The main signs of the coronavirus are a fever, dry cough and shortness of breath.

Vaccine A treatment that causes the body to produce antibodies, which fight off a disease, and offers resistance versus further infection.

Ventilator A machine that takes control of breathing for the body when illness has caused the lungs to stop working.

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