Coronavirus: Extensive care and other key terms explained

Antibodies test A medical test that can show if a person has had the coronavirus and now has some immunity. The test spots antibodies in the blood, which are produced by the body to combat off the illness.

Asymptomatic Somebody who has a disease but does not have any of the symptoms it causes. Some studies recommend some individuals with coronavirus bring the disease but do not reveal the typical signs, such as a consistent cough or high temperature.

Containment stage The first part of the UK’s strategy to deal with the coronavirus, which involved attempting to determine infected people early and trace anybody who had actually remained in close contact with them.

Coronavirus One of a group of infections that can trigger extreme or mild illness in human beings and animals. The coronavirus currently sweeping the world causes the illness


. The cold and influenza (influenza) are other types of coronaviruses.

Covid-19 The illness triggered by the coronavirus first detected in Wuhan, China, in late 2019. It mostly affects the lungs.

Postpone stage The second part of the UK’s technique to handle the coronavirus, in which measures such as social distancing are used to postpone its spread.

Fixed penalty notification A great developed to handle an offense on the area, instead of in court. These are frequently for driving offences, but now likewise cover anti-social behaviour and breaches of the coronavirus lockdown.

Flatten the curve

Health experts utilize a line on a chart to show numbers of brand-new coronavirus cases. If a great deal of people get the infection in a brief period of time, the line may rise sharply and look a bit like a mountain. Nevertheless, taking steps to lower infections can spread out cases out over a longer period and means the “curve” is flatter. This makes it easier for health systems to cope.

Flu Short for influenza, a virus that regularly triggers disease in people and animals, in seasonal epidemics.

Furlough Supports companies hit by coronavirus by momentarily assisting pay the wages of some personnel. It allows staff members to stay on the payroll, although they aren’t working.

Herd resistance How the spread of an illness slows after an adequately large percentage of a population has been exposed to it.

Immune An individual whose body can stand up to or ward off an illness is said to be unsusceptible to it. Once a person has actually recovered from the disease brought on by the coronavirus, Covid-19, for instance, it is thought they can not catch it once again for a specific time period.

Incubation period The time period between catching a disease and beginning to show signs.

Intensive care Medical facility wards which treat clients who are really ill. They are run by specially-trained health care staff and include specialist devices.


Restrictions on motion or every day life, where public buildings are closed and people informed to stay at home. Lockdowns have actually been enforced in numerous nations as part of drastic efforts to manage the spread of the coronavirus.

Mitigation phase The third part of the UK’s technique to deal with the coronavirus, which will involve attempts to reduce the effect of a high variety of cases on public services. This could imply the NHS stopping all non-critical care and police reacting to significant criminal offenses and emergency situations just.

NHS 111 The NHS’s 24-hour phone and online service, which offers medical advice to anyone who requires it. Individuals in England and Wales are encouraged to ring the service if they are fretted about their symptoms. In Scotland, they should inspect NHS notify, then ring their GP in office hours or 111 out of hours. In Northern Ireland, they should call their GP.

Break out Numerous cases of an illness happening quickly, in a cluster or various places.


An epidemic of serious illness dispersing rapidly in many countries simultaneously.

Phase 2 This is when the UK will start to raise a few of its lockdown guidelines while still attempting to minimize the spread of coronavirus.

PPE PPE, or individual protective devices, is clothing and kit such as masks, aprons, gloves and safety glasses utilized by medical personnel, care workers and others to safeguard themselves versus infection from coronavirus clients and other individuals who might be carrying the illness.

Quarantine The isolation of people exposed to an infectious illness to avoid its spread.

R0 R0, pronounced “R-naught”, is the typical variety of individuals who will catch the illness from a single infected person. If the R0 of coronavirus in a particular population is 2, then usually each case will create 2 more brand-new cases. The worth for that reason offers a sign of how much the infection could spread out.

Economic crisis This takes place when there is a considerable drop in income, tasks and sales in a nation for 2 consecutive three-month periods.

Sars Extreme severe breathing syndrome, a kind of coronavirus that emerged in Asia in 2003.


Remaining inside and avoiding all contact with other people, with the objective of avoiding the spread of an illness.

Social distancing

Avoiding other people, with the goal of decreasing transmission of a disease. The government encourages not seeing buddies or loved ones besides those you cope with, working from house where possible and preventing public transport.

State of emergency situation Procedures taken by a federal government to restrict life while it deals with a crisis. This can include closing schools and offices, limiting the motion of individuals and even releasing the armed forces to support the routine emergency situation services.

Statutory instrument These can be used by government ministers to execute new laws or regulations, or change existing laws. They are a much easier alternative to passing a complete Act of Parliament.

Symptoms Any indication of disease, triggered by the body’s immune system as it tries to combat off the infection. The primary symptoms of the coronavirus are a fever, dry cough and shortness of breath.

Vaccine A treatment that causes the body to produce antibodies, which eradicate a disease, and offers resistance against more infection.

Ventilator A device that takes control of breathing for the body when illness has caused the lungs to stop working.

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